Configuring Cisco SPA5xx IP Phones in Asterisk

The Cisco SPA5xx IP Telephone family is the next generation of small business IP phones that are perfectly suited to interoperate with Asterisk systems. This new family of phones inherits all of the features that Asterisk users loved in the Sipura > Linksys > Cisco SPA9xx family of phones.

Configuring the SPA5xx in an Asterisk environment is no different from configuring a SPA9xx
phone in an Asterisk environment,  You need the following equipment and services
• A functional Asterisk server
• A functional LAN with network connectivity to the new SPA5xx phone
• A functional DHCP server with at least one available IP address for the SPA5xx phone
• A functional TFTP server and administrative access to the server
• An outbound call route via an Internet and an optional Internet Telephony Service Provider
(ITSP), the PSTN, or both:


and You must complete the following tasks in order to deploy a SPA5xx IP phone in an Asterisk environment


1-Configure the Asterisk Server
   a. Edit the sip.conf file
   b. Edit the extensions.conf file
   c. Reload Asterisk modules
2-Connect the SPA5xx IP phone

3. Configure the SPA5xx IP phone
a-IP address needs
b-Disable SPA9000 provisioning
c-Modify Vertical Service Activation Codes
d-Dial plan

e. Line assignments
f-Configuring the Attendant Console (Sidecar)
















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How to Upgrading the SPA5xx's Firmware

The Cisco SPA5xx IP Telephone family is the next generation of small business IP phones that are perfectly suited to interoperate with Asterisk systems ,for Configuring the SPA5xx in an Asterisk environment You need  to  Upgrading the SPA5xx's Firmware , You must complete the following steps to Upgrading the SPA5xx's Firmware:
1.Direct your browser to the SPA5xx's web user interface
for exemple :http://192.168.1.1/admin/advanced
2.Verify that the Voice tab > Info tab > Product Information > Software Version: is up to date with SPA5xx firmware available at the Cisco.com site, linked from the Cisco Community
[ https://www.myciscocommunity.com/docs/DOC-2181;jsessionid=F155204DC13BCE04A1057CB5485782FA.node0 ]
3.If newer firmware is available, save it to disk and upgrade the SPA5xx using either the spa5xxxxx.exe file or with a local TFTP server as described here.


4. Copy the downloaded firmware image to your TFTP server's root directory
5. Cause the SPA5xx to retrieve the firmware by TFTP and install the new image:
http://IPADDRESSofSPA/upgrade?tftp://TFTPADDRESS/SPAFILE.bin
Where:
• IPADDRESSofSPA is the SPA5xx IP address
• TFTPADDRESS is the TFTP server's IP address
• SPAFILE.bin is the name of the downloaded firmware image
Example:http://192.168.2.13/upgrade?tftp://192.168.2.20/SPA525G-7-2-5.bin


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How to Determining the SPA5xx's Dynamic IP Address

The Cisco SPA5xx IP Telephone family is the next generation of small business IP phones that are perfectly suited to interoperate with Asterisk systems ,for Configuring the SPA5xx in an Asterisk environment You need  to Determining the SPA5xx's Dynamic IP Address , You must complete the following steps to Determining the SPA5xx's Dynamic IP Address:
1. Press the phone's setup key
2. Select Status

3. Select Network Status
4. The IP address is displayed next to IP Address
Note: No IP address will be displayed if a DHCP server does not respond the phone's DHCP
DISCOVER messages. For example, if the network cable is disconnected.

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How to Factory Reset the Cisco SPA5xx

There are times when things may go wrong with the  Cisco SPA5xx IP Telephone or  you may need to restore the device to factory settings and start over. This guide explains how to restore the Cisco  SPA5xx  to factory settings.
1-Press the phone's setup key, #11 in the Phone Overview section.

2. Select Device Administration
3. Select Factory Reset
4. Select OK to factory reset
5. Note: The mute button will illuminate after a factory reset if there is no network connectivity, if
for example, the network cable is disconnected.




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Configuring Asterisk for a SPA5xx IP Phone The sip.conf and extensions.conf File

Before you configure your Asterisk server for the SPA5xx IP phone, you need to gather some basic
information:
1-Extension numbers and assignments for each SPA5xx extension to be configured ,In this article, I use 151, 152 for line keys 1 and 2 of the 5 available on the SPA525G.
2. Line 1 will be display "Fred 151".
3. Line 2 will display "Sally".
4. The phone will display "Asterisk" at the top-right.


Once you have gathered all of the basic information, configure the Asterisk server. Edit the sip.conf and the extensions.conf file on the Asterisk server.
1-The sip.conf File :Following is a sample of the minimum sip.conf content:

[151]
type=friend
nat=no
secret=151secret
context=fxsgroup
host=dynamic
regext=151
;
[152]
type=friend
nat=no
secret=152secret
context=fxsgroup
host=dynamic
regext=152
;

2-The extensions.conf File :Following is a sample of the minimum extensions.conf content:
...
[fxsgroup]
...
;
exten => 151,1,Dial(SIP/151,60,rT)
exten => 152,1,Dial(SIP/152,60,rT)
;
;inbound calls from ITSP
[itsp1]
...
exten =>3615551212,2,Dial(SIP/101&SIP/102&SIP/152&SIP/151&SIP/200&SIP/242,25,rt)

3-Loading the Modified Configuration
a.Connect to the Asterisk console:
$ sudo asterisk –r
*CLI>
b.Use the reload command to load the changed configuration:
*CLI> module reload
This completes the Asterisk server configuration. You must now configure the SPA5xx to register to
the Asterisk server.


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All About VoIP Hosted PBX Services!

Coup hosted PBX services are like a blessing when it comes to communication because they provide lots of benefits that help you in cutting down your monthly bills and saving money in many ways. Either the service is for a business or a household, it fits perfectly well to both of them.
For businesses, it is ideal because it keeps a close check on all the calls. From a traditional phone system, it saves almost 20-50% more with the VoIP hosted PBX services. Furthermore, with VoIP hosted PBX services, you do not need to make heavy investments like buying special equipment. You can pay for different equipment and stuff that you might need whenever you want or with the growing business needs. It is not a compulsion to buy special phone set to get started well with the VoIP hosted PBX services. This actually shows you how carefully the entire system is designed and how much cost effective it is. All you need for the initial start up is the basic stuff and no heavy investments and financial burdens at all.
Moreover, VoIP hosted PBX services allow you to control the bills and your communication requirements anytime you wish to. If you want to cut down the calls even further or increase them it is easily possible with VoIP hosted PBX services. You can make any kind of changes as you like with this system easily unlike the old and out-dated PBX services. Something, which is even better about it is that you do not have to wait, sit or make appointments with technicians every time you need to have some changes or adjustments in your system. Rather, the entire mechanism is computerized and you can easily make the changes and modifications quickly by just making a call. This is something really good and ideal for a fast paced and hectic life these days.
Many people are worried about the depreciation of the equipment and the devices under usage for such services. However,VoIP hosted PBX services let you free from all these tensions too. As you do not have to buy any heavy and important equipment for it, you are free from the depreciation stress too. Such problems only occur with the traditional PBX services but there is no space for such issues in this latest technological creation.
If we take a look at various researches and studies conducted in order to know about the success of VoIP hosted PBX services, we come to know that it is one of the most successful things in telecommunication and the masses are readily adopting it. For the users, it helps in reducing costs and bringing out exceptional cost effectiveness while for the service providers it is ideal as it is more and more in demand and it creates a lot of opportunities for employees.
Axvoice is one of the good providers of VoIP hosted PBX services. It not only comes up on all the points discussed above but it has developed great plans in order to meet the needs of its users at different levels. The services provided by Axvoice are efficient, reliable and highly recommended by most of the experts.
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Trixbox SIP Configuration Guide

Valcom Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) VIP devices are compatible with Trixbox SIP Phone Systems. The
Valcom device is added to the Trixbox as a standard SIP extension (generic SIP phone).
The following steps outline the typical configuration process:
1. Navigate your web browser to the IP address of your Trixbox SIP Server.
  (In this example the Trixbox Phone System IP address is: 192.168.96.235)
2. Upon opening the Trixbox webpage, you will be in user mode.
  Select “switch” in the upper right corner.
3. Login, using the proper credentials.
  (The default username is “maint” and “password” is the default password.)
4. After logging in as your administrative user, mouse over “PBX” until it drops down a sub-menu. In the sub-menu, select “PBX
        Settings”.
5. By default, you will be taken to the “System Status” page. Select “Extensions” under the “Basic” group on the sidebar menu.
6. You will be taken to the “Add an Extension” page. Verify the “Device” drop-down is set for “Generic SIP Device” and click    “Submit”.
7. Now, on the “Add SIP Extension” page, enter in the “User Extension”
8. Still on the “Add SIP Extension” page, enter in your outbound caller ID string.
      (This is what you would like to show up on SIP telephones’ caller ID displays. It is not mandatory.)
9. Still on the “Add SIP Extension” page, enter your “secret”. (a “secret” is generally considered a “password”.)
10. At the bottom of the “Add SIP Extension” page, click “Submit” to add the extension.
11. You will now be sent back to the “Add an Extension” page. On this page, select “Apply Configuration Changes” at the upper right corner.
12. You will now be prompted to “Apply Configuration Changes”. If you are finished creating the extension, select “Continue with reload”. If not, simply select “Cancel reload and go back to editing”.
13. After reloading the configuration, the process of adding an extension to your SIP server will be complete.
You may now add your SIP endpoint settings (“User Extension”, “secret” and SIP server IP address) to your SIP device.
14. Open the VIP-102B tool interface for the Valcom SIP enabled VIP device.
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